Gilding techniques and tools have scarcely changed since the 18th century and there is no substitute for the sumptuous and reflective qualities of a properly gilded surface.
The two common methods of Gilding Mark employs are Oil and Water. The latter has an involved process of gesso and bole preparation which provides a cushion for the gilded surface to have a burnished mirror finish. It is not suitable for exterior work and is predominantly used over wooden substrates for Mirror and Picture frames, Furniture, Sculpture and various interior decorative items. Oil gilding cannot be burnished but is a simpler and quicker process by applying oil based gold size to adhere the metal leaf. This can be on practically any solid surface which is correctly prepared. It is used internally and extensively in architectural gilding. It is also weather resistant making it ideal for exterior applications.